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Nowadays, most consumers are aware of the health benefits of cannabidiol, or CBD and don’t yet know how to distinguish CBG vs. CBD. This natural product can reduce pain and inflammation, relieve anxiety, and boost brain health. But did you know that cannabigerol, or CBG, is just as beneficial? Some say that CBG is the new CBD. First discovered in the ’60s, this compound interacts directly with the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors in the brain. Research shows that it may help in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, brain disorders, and even cancer—but more on that later.
When it comes to CBG vs. CBD, know that the former is the precursor of all other cannabinoids. Simply put, CBD, THC, and other compounds in the hemp plant come from CBG. But what’s the difference between the two? Is CBG just as safe and effective as CBD? When should your customers choose one over the other?
Let’s find out!
CBD is one of the most widely used compounds in the hemp plant. It’s non-addictive and has no psychoactive effects. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), it doesn’t make people feel “high.” Several CBD strains exist, and each has distinctive properties.
Harlequin, for instance, boasts a mild euphoric effect and may improve mental focus. Cherry Wine promotes relaxation and wards off stress. Other popular strains, like T1 Flower, Secret Dream, and Ringo’s Gift, may relieve pain and anxiety while lifting your mood.
What makes CBD stand out is its exceptional safety profile. Since it doesn’t have any intoxicating effects, it can be used for a longer period. Plus, it’s safe for pets and people of all ages. For example, a 2016 study shows that CBD oil may reduce anxiety and improve sleep in children. It also appears to be effective in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. Plus, it has none of the side effects of prescription medications.
Unlike THC, this compound has a mild effect on the CB2 receptors and doesn’t directly interfere with the CB1 receptors. Even so, it may improve health and well-being due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
As the researchers note, CBD increases the production of cytokines from the immune cells, reducing pain and inflammation. At the same time, it stimulates the serotonin and vanilloid pain receptors. These systems that regulate pain perception, mood, and brain function.
The same source states that CBD relaxes the mind and body. Moreover, it may ease the symptoms of kidney disease, arthritis, and metabolic syndrome.
CBG is one of the many cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Its acidic form (CBGA) converts into the primary cannabinoid acids from which CBD and THC are derived. Also referred to as the “stem cell” or “mother” of cannabinoids, this compound is also the precursor to cannabichromenic acid.
Cannabigerol occurs naturally in both cannabis and hemp. Since most strains only contain a small amount of CBG, this product is more expensive to produce than CBD and THC. Its benefits may surpass those of other cannabinoids, according to recent evidence. In one study, CBG was more effective than CBD and THC at reducing bladder contractions. Therefore, it may be used as an alternative treatment for bladder dysfunctions.
Another study has found that CBG may inhibit colon cancer cell growth. Furthermore, it appears to be effective against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as MRSA and Staphylococcus aureus.
The research on CBG is in its early stages, but most studies have promising results. Like CBD, this compound has a good safety profile and doesn’t make users feel intoxicated. It might actually mitigate the psychoactive effects of THC.
Whether you’re planning to get CBG for yourself or your clients, make sure you understand how it differs from CBD. Although these compounds are strongly related, they have different mechanisms of action. First things first, CBD is derived from CBG. Therefore, the latter is the “parent” cannabinoid. Both compounds are non-intoxicating, meaning that they won’t make you high.
One of the primary differences between the two lies in the way they interact with your body’s endocannabinoid receptors. Unlike CBD, CBG binds directly to the CB1 and CB2 receptors, so has a stronger overall effect. CBG stimulates the receptors that mediate pain, inflammation, and body temperature. CBD boasts similar effects, but it doesn’t act directly on the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
These compounds also affect certain receptors differently. For example, CBG blocks the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor, while CBD acts as an agonist, or activator. Moreover, some CBD strains inhibit appetite and help reduce total food intake. CBG, on the other hand, stimulates appetite.
When it comes to using CBG vs. CBD for pain, both compounds are effective. However, CBD has been subject to more extensive research. So far, scientists agree that CBG may relieve inflammation and pain, kill pathogens, and slow tumor growth. It may also benefit those with glaucoma by reducing intraocular pressure. Plus, this compound promotes brain health and may protect against neurodegenerative diseases.
Now that you know more about CBG vs. CBD, go ahead and choose the best products for your clients. Although CBG costs more to produce than CBD, it may be more effective for certain conditions.
Remember, this compound acts directly on the endocannabinoid receptors. Therefore, it’s extremely potent and has remarkable therapeutic effects even when used in small doses. Its high safety profile is one more reason to give it a try.
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