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What Are Terpenes?


Terpenes are aromatic compounds that people associate with different cannabis plants, which contain a relatively higher concentration of terpenes. Naturally, these chemical compounds work together to protect plants from infectious germs and serve as a repellant against animals.

Terpenes are also popular for providing numerous health benefits to the human body if consumed. If you consider getting into CBD, knowing the science behind terpenes would help you know these benefits and the different regulations around them.

What Are Terpenes Used For?

Terpenes are the chemical that attracts pollinators to the plant while also serving as a repellant against insects. If a plant sustains damage from external forces, terpenes will help it recover by boosting its immune system to keep contaminants out.

Aside from cannabis plants, terpenes are also present in rosemary and lavender. Different companies use this chemical compound to manufacture products like perfumes and body products.

As the Food and Drug Administration is already in the works in legalizing different CBD products, researchers are continuing to find different uses for terpenes, especially as a medical contribution to different human ailments.

Terpenes vs CBD

Terpenes and CBD are different compounds found in a cannabis product. However, these two compounds work together to produce what is most popularly called an “entourage effect.” This effect claims that these two compounds work together to provide that common sensation people experience when taking CBD.

Furthermore, terpenes are also known for working with other CBD compounds to provide the health benefits found in numerous scientific studies. Here are some studies found where the CBD compounds benefited the patient:

  • CBD is more effective for pain management
  • Breast cancer tumors respond better to CBD extracts

Do Terpenes Make You Feel High?

Although terpenes are not usually known for feeling high, some studies showed a significant influence on a person’s side effects with a higher concentration of terpenes in CBD products.

For example, some cannabis manufacturers claim that they should focus more on creating a stronger terpene profile to increase the effects of their CBD products instead of focusing too much on THC content.

Thus, it is also important to take extra precautions in purchasing a heavier concentration of terpenes in a CBD product.

Types of Terpenes and Their Common Side Effects

  1. Pinene

    Pinene is an abundant terpene found in different herbs that provide that bright scent in plants like pine needles, basil, and rosemary. Some research found that smelling this terpene in a healthy forest can be therapeutic and serve numerous natural health benefits. For example, Pinene is an excellent bronchodilator, encouraging more air to enter your lungs. Pinene also fights infectious germs that humans accidentally inhale while providing other anti-inflammatory effects.

  2. Myrcene

    This terpene is most popular in plants like lemongrass, thyme, hops, and some cannabis plants. Myrcene is most popular for its antioxidant properties that can produce the brain during a stroke. Myrcene is also popular for protecting the heart tissue from ischemic stroke, making it a good alternative treatment for patients.

    Myrcene also has good anti-inflammatory effects that protect cartilage cells, making it beneficial for those struggling with osteoarthritis.

  3. Humulene

    This terpene is found in clove and ginger, most popular for preventing allergic reactions through its reduced allergic inflammation properties. This compound is also popular for treating natural asthma and is a good pain management alternative for those fighting cancer.
    Despite these potential benefits, the research about this terpene is still very limited, making it more susceptible to potential unknown side effects if taken in excess.

  4. Beta-caryophyllene

    This terpene is found in different herbs and vegetables, providing an anti-inflammatory effect that could significantly reduce pain in patients.

  5. Linalool

    Linalool is the terpene that gives lavender plants the iconic and sometimes euphoric smell, making it the most common compound in different aromatherapeutic oils. Studies found that this terpene serves anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antidepressant, and other properties that could significantly reduce the symptoms of different ailments.

  6. Terpinolene

    This terpene is mostly present in iliac, rosemary, nutmeg, cumin, tea trees, and sage. Terpinolene contains numerous antioxidant properties, making it a good anticancer treatment for those struggling with this disease.

    Some manufacturers combine terpinolene with linalool to provide additional benefits like becoming antiseptic, antifungal, and antibacterial. Terpinolene also makes an effective sedative and a good antidepressant.

How to Maximize the Benefits of Terpenes

  • Read the Labels of Your CBD Products

Before purchasing your CBD products or other terpene items, read the label details to find the compound’s concentration. Usually, products only have a concentration of 2% for their terpene compound.

Furthermore, check the label to see how fresh the product is since terpene concentration would diminish over time. If a product sits on the shelf too long, its smell will go stale.

  • Lessen Heat

Terpene responds significantly to heat. Studies found that placing your CBD products in high heat would degrade synthetic terpenes, potentially releasing harmful chemicals and byproducts into your system. Consider placing the products in a cool, controlled environment away from direct sunlight.

  • Seek Professional Help

Consider asking a doctor for the right concentration of terpenes to purchase a CBD product. The doctor should also know how to store these products while providing the right daily dosage to avoid detrimental side effects.


Terpene is a compound that provides the smell in numerous plants. This compound provides different health benefits both to humans and plants. Plants use this compound to attract pollinators while becoming a repellant against different animals. Terpene compounds also offer numerous health benefits for different common ailments.

Terpenes also work closely with THC in CBD products to provide that “high sensation”, more particularly known for heightening this sensation if taken in a more concentrated amount. Nevertheless, numerous studies recommend storing these products in cool and dry areas to prevent the compound from going stale and eventually releasing harmful chemicals into the system.